|Academic degrees||Ph.D., M.A.|
|(University of California, Los Angeles)|
Scientific Activities and Research Interests
- Inergroup cognition and behavior with special focus on stereotyping and prejudices
- Lay explanations and judgments of responsibility concerning individual and group acts
- Effects of communication on socially shared cognition
- Language, culture, and social cognition
- Karasawa, M. (2002) Patriotism, nationalism, and internationalism among Japanese citizens: An etic-emic approach. Political Psychology, 23, 645-666.
- Karasawa, M. (2003). Projecting group liking and ethnocentrism on in-group members: False consensus effect of attitude strength. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 6, 103-116.
- Karasawa, M., Karasawa, K., & Hirose, Y. (2004). Homogeneity perception as a reaction to identity threat: Effects of status difference in a simulated society game. European Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 613-625.
- Ma, W-J., & Karasawa, M. (2006). Group inclusiveness, group identification, and intergroup attributional bias. Psychologia, 49, 278-290.
- Maass, A., Karasawa, M., Politi, F., & Suga, S. (2006). Do verbs and adjectives play different roles in different cultures? A cross-linguistic analysis of person representation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 734-750.
- Suga, S. & Karasawa, M. (2006). Jinbutsu no zokusei hyougen ni mirareru shakaiteki sutereotaipu no eikyou: Aratana genngo shihyou no kaihatsu ni mukete. [Effects of social stereotypes on language use in the description of person dispositions: Toward the construction of a Japanese Linguistic Category Model] (in Japanese). Japanese Journal of Social Psychology, 22, 180-188.
- Karasawa, M., Asai, N., & Tanabe, Y. (2007). Stereotypes as shared beliefs: Effects of group identity on dyadic conversations. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 10, 515-532.
- Teramae, S. & Karasawa, M. (2008). Perception of intentionality in group actions: Content analysis of behavior explanations. Journal of Human Environmental Studies, 6, 35-41 (in Japanese with English abstract).
- Hioki, K., & Karasawa, M. (2010). Effects of entitativity on the judgment of collective intentionality and responsibility. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 81, 9-16 (in Japanese).
- Tsukamoto, S., Gonzales, V., & Karasawa, M. (2010). Challenging Canadian multiculturalism: Lay perceptions of Canadian national identity. Journal of Human Environmental Studies, 8(1), 25-31.
- Goto, N. & Karasawa, M. (2011). Identification with a wrongful subgroup and the feeling of collective guilt. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 14, 225-235. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-839X.2011.01348.x.
- Suga, S., & Karasawa, M. (2011). Effects of the perception of a communicative context on the transmission of information. Journal of Human Environmental Studies, 9(1), 21-26 (in Japanese).
- Tsukamoto, S., Suga, S., & Karasawa, M. (2013). Rationale of punishment in the citizen-judge system. Japanese Journal of Law and Psychology , 13, 35-45. (in Japanese)
- Adachi, K., Yama, H., Van der Henst, J.-B., Mercier, H., Karasawa, M., & Kawasaki, Y. (2013). Culture, ambiguity aversion and choice in probability judgments. International Journal of Creativity & Problem Solving, 23(2), 63-78.
- Tsukamoto, S., Enright, J., & Karasawa, M. (2013). Psychological essentialism and nationalism as determinants of interethnic bias. Journal of Social Psychology,153 (5), 515-519. doi: 10.1080/00224545.2013.795926.
- Karasawa, M., Maass, A., Rakic, T., & Kato, A. (2013). The emergent nature of culturally meaningful categorization and language use: A Japanese-Italian comparison of age categories. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45, 431-451. doi:10.1177/0022022113509882
- Goto, N., Jetten, J., Karasawa, M., & Hornsey, M. J. (in press). The sins of their fathers: When current generations are held to account for the transgressions of previous generations. Political Psychology
Manuscripts in Preparation
- Karasawa, M., Asai, N., & Hioki, K. Men Are Like Trees and Politicians Are Like Chairs? Explicit and Implicit Essentialism about Social Categories.
- Karasawa, M., & Yoshinari, Y. A linguistic analysis of perceived causality and responsibility: Causal attributions and verb transitivity.
University Journal Articles
- Karasawa, M. (1992). An attributional analysis of the reluctance to transmit bad news. Bulletin of the Faculty of Letters, Aichi Gakuin University, 22, 45-53.
- Karasawa, M. (1993). Nationalism, internationalism, and patriotism among Japanese college students: A factor-analytic approach. Bulletin of the Faculty of Letters, Aichi Gakuin University, 23, 25-33.
- Karasawa, M., & Sano, S. (1996). Determinants of category-based attributions: Salience, stereotyping, and causal inferences. Transactions of the Institute for Cultural Studies, Aichi Gakuin, University, 11, 1-9.
- Karasawa, M. (1998). The perception of opinion distribution in a simulated society game. Bulletin of the Faculty of Letters, Aichi Gakuin University, 27, 37-44.
Books and Invited Chapters
- Karasawa, M. (2002). Henken to Sutereotaipu. (Prejudice and stereotypes) In K. Ikeda & T. Magata (Eds.), Fantajii no sekai (The world of fantasy) (in Japanese; pp. 231-246). Fukuoka: Kyushu University Press.
- Karasawa, M. (2003). Esuno-sentorizumu to shuudankattou; shakai shinrigakuteki apuroochi. (Ethnocentrism and intergroup conflicts; Social psychological approaches. In J. Kawata & Y. Araki (Eds.), Seiji shinrigaku handobukku (The handbook of political psychology) (in Japanese; pp. 124-133). Tokyo: Hokuju Shuppan.
- Suga, S., & Karasawa, M. (2006). Jinbutshu no zokuseihyougenn ni kannsuru “gutai” to “chushou”: Shakaishnrigaku-teki kenchi kara. (The level of abstraction in descriptions of person attributes: A social psychological perspective.) In M. Nakagawa & T. Sadanobu (Eds.), Shirizu gengo taishou: Gengoni arawareru “seken” to “sekai” (Comparative Linguistic Series: Linguistic manifestation of the small “world” and the whole “world”) (In Japanese; pp. 31-45). Tokyo: Kuroshio Publishing.
- Karasawa, M. (2007a). Taijin-kankei to jutsugo (Interpersonal relations and predicates). In S. Okamoto (Ed.), Kotoba no komyunikeishon: Taijin-kankei no
- Retorikku (Language and communication: Rhetoric of interpersonal relations) (in Japanese, pp. 2-15). Kyoto: Nakanishiya Shuppan.
- Karasawa, M. (2007b). Taijin-kankei to sekinin no shinrigaku (Psychology of interpersonal relations and responsibility). In K. Yamamoto (Ed.), Houdoutaibaku sousho: Suihei-teki chitshujo 4, Hunsou to taiwa (Studies in Legal Dynamics: Horizontal social ordering (vol. 4), Dispute and dialogue) (in Japanese, pp. 1-22). Kyoto: Houritsu Bunkasha.
- Karasawa, M. & Suga, S. (2008a). Retention and transmission of socially shared beliefs: The role of linguistic abstraction in stereotypic communication. In Y. Kashima, K. Fiedler, & P. Frytag (Eds.) Stereotype dynamics: Language-based approaches to stereotype formation, maintenance, and transformation (pp. 241-262). New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Karasawa, M., & Suga, S. (2008b). Taijin-ninchi no shinri-katei to gengo hyougen (Psychological processes in interpersonal relations and verbal expressions). In T. Masuoka (Ed.), Jojutshu ruikei-ron (Typology of narrations) (in Japanese pp. 139-160). Tokyo: Kuroshio Pubshing.
- Karasawa, M., & Maass, A. (2008). The role of language in the perception of persons and groups. In R. M. Sorrentino & S. Yamaguchi (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition across cultures (pp. 317-342), San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
- Karasawa, M. (2010). Socially shared cognition and communication. In K. Murata (Ed.) Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology Series, Theories and applications of cognitive psychology (Vol. 6): Social cognition and affect (pp. 248-271). Kyoto, Japan: Kitaoji Publishing (in Japanese).
- Ikeda, K., Karasawa, M., Kudo, E., & Muramoto, Y. (2010) Social Psychology: Active Social Animals in Multilayered Constraints (New Liberal Arts Selection)Tokyo: Yuhikaku Publishing (in Japanese)
- Karasawa, M. (2011). Categorization-based versus person-based explanations of behaviors: Implications from the Dual-Process Model. In . R. M. Kramer, G. J. Leonardelli, & R. W. Livingston (Eds.), Social cognition, social identity, and intergroup relations: A Festschrift in honor of Marilynn B. Brewer (pp. 9-26 ). New York: Psychology Press.
- Miyamoto, S., Karasawa, M., Kobayashi, C., & Hara, N. (Eds.) (2013). Translation: Fiske, S. T., & Taylor, S. E. (2008).Social cognition: From brain to culture . (McGraw-Hill). Kitaohji Shobo.
- Haslam, N., Holland, E., & Karasawa, M. (2013). Essentialism and entitativity across cultures. In M. Yuki & M. B. Brewer (Eds.), Culture and group processes (pp. 17-37). New York: Oxford University Press.
Selected Conference Presentations
- Karasawa, M., Maass, A., Rakic, T., & Kato, A. (2005). The emergent nature of culturally-based social categorization: Effects of spontaneous use of category information on person memory. Poster presented at the 6th Annual Meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, New Orleans, Louisiana (January 21).
- Karasawa, M., Asai, N., & Hioki, K. (2005). Explicit versus implicit essentialism about the “nature” of social categories. Invited symposium presentation at the 6th Biennial Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology. Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand (April 2).
- Karasawa, M., & Suga, S. (2005). The linguistic expectancy bias in the context of message transmission. The 14th General Meeting of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology, Wurzburg, Germany (July 20).
- Karasawa, M. (2005). The sharedness of social cognition: An experimental approach of information transmission. Invited presentation at a symposium on “The collaboration between social psychology and media studies” at the 69th Annual Conference of Japanese Psychological Association. Keio University, Tokyo (September 12).
- Karasawa, M., & Suga, S. (2006a). The role of linguistic categories across cultures. The Kent Workshop on Linguistic Bias. The University of Kent at Canterbury, UK (June 22).
- Karasawa, M., & Suga, S. (2006b). Causal inference about social events and communication. The 4th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology. Chukyo University, Nagoya (August 1).
- Karasawa, M. (2006). On the “internationalization” of Japanese social psychology. Invited presentation at a symposium on “Internationalization of Japanese psychology.” The 70th Annual Conference of Japanese Psychological Association. Fukuoka International Convention Center, Fukuoka (November 5).
- Karasawa, M., & Chan, C. S. (2007). Spontaneous inference about person attributes: The role of social categories. The 5th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology, Kyoto University, Kyoto (May 27).
- Karasawa, M. (2007). Lay judgments of causality and culpability. Symposium presentation at the 7th Biennial Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology. Sabah, Malaysia. (Also served as a symposium organizer on “Social cognition and legal decision making). (July 28).
- Karasawa, M., & Yoshinari, Y. (2008). Causal attribution, language use, and the perception of responsibility. The 15th General Meeting of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology. Opatija, Croatia (June 11).
- Karasawa, M. (2008a). Research in psychology and law under the Japanese legal reformation. Symposium presentation at the 7th Biennial Conference of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Chicago USA (June 27, 2008)
- Karasawa, M. (2008b). A linguistic analysis of dispositional inferences and causal attributions. Symposium presentation at the 14th International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, Bremen, Germany(July 28, 2008)
- Karasawa, M. (2009). Transmission of stereotype-relevant information in communicative contexts. Invited symposium presentation at the 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting of International Society of Political Psychology, Dublin, Ireland (July 14, 2009).
- Karasawa, M. (2010). Perception of responsibility and the use of language: Implications from a Japan-France comparison. Invited symposium presentation at the 1st International Conference on Indigenous and Cultural Psychology. University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (July 25, 2010)
- Karasawa, M., & Kaneda, M. (2010). Punishing a culpable character: Determinants of perceived retributive justice among Japanese. International Society for Justice Research. The 13th Biennial Conference, Banff, Alberta, Canada (Aug. 21-24, 2010)
- Karasawa, M. (2011). Social groups as a basis for explanations: How ordinary perceivers make sense of other people’s behavior. A Keynote Address at the 9th Biennial Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology, Kunming, China (August 29).
- Karasawa, M. (2012). Punishment of an immoral character as a just desert: A case of Japanese lay judgments. Paper presented at the 14th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Justice Research, Tel Aviv, Israel (September 10, 2012)
- Karasawa, M., & Tsukamoto, S. (2013). Psychological essentialism and ethnocentrism: A case of Japanese national attitudes. Symposium presentation at the 10th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (August 23).
- Karasawa, M., & Kashima, E. (2013). New directions in the study of morality 2: Culture and morality. Symposium organizers at the 10th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (August 24).
- Karasawa, M. (2013) Social psychological approaches to sentence judgments. Symposium on “The citizen-judge system and inappropriate sentencing” The 14th Meeting of the Japanese Society for Law and Psychology. Kyushu University. October 13.
- Karasawa, M., & Goto, N. (2014). Retributive versus utilitarian motivations to punish an immoral character. Poster presented at the 17th General Meeting of European Association of Social Psychology. University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands (July 11).
- Karasawa, M., Ohji, A., & Tsukamoto, S. (2016). Blaming the bad intention of a group’s wrongdoing: The role of affect and perceived collective agency. A poster presentation at the 17th Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. San Diego, CA, USA (January 30).
- Psychological essentialism in social categorization. Department of Psychology, University of Padova, Italy (October 1, 2004).
- Language in trait inferences: Different roles of verbs and adjectives across cultures. Department of Psychology, University of Oregon (January 25, 2005).
- A cultural basis for spontaneous social categorization. Department of Psychology, Stanford University (January 31, 2005).
- Social stereotypes and language use in the description of person dispositions. Laboratoire Cognition, Langues, Langage, et Ergonomie, Universite de Toulouse II- le Mirail, France (Marich 26, 2007).
- Social inference and predicate properties of verbal representations. Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Lyon, France (March 29, 2007).
- Behavioral traits and linguistic representations: Biased information processing about persons and social groups. Department of Psychology, Durham University, UK (November 23, 2007).
- When group acts are perceived as intentional: Lay theory of mind involving group behavior. Laboratoire de psychologie sociale, Universite de Paris X Nanterre, France (March 25, 2008).
- When social cognition becomes truly social: The role of communication in socially shared cognition. Colloquium at Department of Psychology, East China Normal University (Sep. 21 2009).
- Can social groups be held responsible? Social and cultural bases for judgments of collective agency. Invited Lecture at Department of Psychology, East China Normal University (Sep. 23, 2009).
- Responsibility for Unintended Acts and the Use of Language: PotentialCommonalities and Differences across Cultures. Invited Colloquium atDepartment of Psychology, East China Normal University (Dec. 8, 2010).
- When people use groups a s a basis for explanations: Salience, entitativity, and essence of groups. Colloquium at the School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Australia (September 2, 2011).
- Immorality and Inhumanness influence punitive motives. Presentation at Susan Fiske’s Lab, Department of Psychology, Princeton University. (March 16, 2012).
- Punishing immoral and inhuman characters: Potential roles of utilitarian and just desert motive. Presentation at John Jost’s Lab, Department of Psychology, New York University. (March 19, 2012).
- The perception of intentionality and responsibility for a group. Presentation at Michael Morris Lab, Columbia Business School. (March 22, 2012).
- Judgment of morality and the motivation to punish : Comparing retributive and utilitarian justice. Faculty of Psychology, University of Indonesia. (August 19, 2013).
- Influence of psychological factors on judgments by “citizen-judges.” Lectures at a Public Symposium, ”Psychological issues concerning the citizen-judge system” by the Japanese Psychological Association. Gakushuin Universtiy (June 8, 2013); Doshisha University (November 9, 2013).
- Blameworthy character invites harsher punishment: A social psychological approach to punitive motives against individuals and groups. Keynote speech at the joint meeting of the 4th Asian Conference of Psychology and the 4th Asian Conference on Ethics, Religion & Philosophy. Osaka International Convention Center (March 28, 2014).
- Making sense of people in cultural ways: The role of psychological essentialism. Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California at Berkeley. (Octover 1, 2014)
- Roles of causal inferences and language use in blaming others. D. P. S. S., University of Padova, Italy. (January 29, 2015).
Honors and Professional Services
|Recipient||1988||Young Psychologist (International Congress of Psychology/Japanese Psychological Association)|
|Recipient||1997||Japanese Psychological Association Publication Award|
|Member||The Science Council of Japan||(2006 - present)|
|Board Member||Japanese Society of Social Psychology||(2002-2005)|
|Japanese Group Dynamics Association||(2000-2004)|
|Executive Board Member||Japanese Society of Social Psychology||(2009 - present )|
|Editorial Boards||Japanese Journal of Social Psychology||(2001-2003)|
|Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology||(2000-2004)|
|Asian Journal of Social Psychology||(2000 - 2007)|
|Psychologia||(2005 - present)|
|European Journal of Social Psychology||(2009- present)|
|Editor||Japanese Journal of Social Psychology||(2011-2013)|
|Associate Editor||Japanese Journal of Social Psychology||(2003-2005)|
|Asian Journal of Social Psychology||(2008 - 2011)|
|Ad Hoc Reviewer:||Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Experimental, Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, European Journal of Social Psychology, Political Psychology, Self and Identity, Asian Journal of Social Psychology, Japanese Journal of Psychology, Japanese Journal of Social Psychology, Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Psychologia|
|Committees:||International Committee, Japanese Psychological Association||(2005-2009)|
|International Awards Committee, Japanese Psychological Association||(2005-2010)|
|Internationalization Committee, Society for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues||(2007-2009)|
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